Lippmann waveguide spectrometer with enhanced throughput and bandwidth for space and commercial applications

Madi, M., Ceyssens, F., Shorubalko, I., Herzig, H. P., Guldimann, B., & Giaccari, P.

Optics Express, Vol. 26, Issue 3, pp. 2682-2707 (2018)

This article presents an innovative high spectral resolution waveguide spectrometer, from the concept to the prototype demonstration and the test results. The main goal is to build the smallest possible Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) with state of the art technology. This waveguide FTS takes advantage of a customized pattern of nano-samplers fabricated on the surface of a planar waveguide that allows the increase of the measurement points necessary for increasing the spectral bandwidth of the FTS in a fully static way. The use of a planar waveguide on the other hand allows enhancing the throughput in a waveguide spectrometer compared to the conventional devices made of single-mode waveguides. A prototype is made in silicon oxynitride/silicon dioxide technology and characterized in the visible range. This waveguide spectrometer shows a nominal bandwidth of 256~nm at a central wavelength of 633~nm thanks to a custom pattern of nanodisks providing a 
μm sampling interval. The implementation of this innovative waveguide FTS for a real-case scenario is explored and further development of such device for the imaging FTS application is discussed