Future Indvidual Mobility

The vision of our future individual mobility is based on a strong reduction of environmental impacts, namely pollutants and greenhouse gases, by only minimal trade-offs in funtionality and cost.

In the field of pollution, cold start and engine warm-up emissions of otto-cycled motor vehicles as well as low-load-operation of diesel vehicles are identified as main concern. On a technological level, microwave heated catalytically active coatings are investigated as well as turbulent flowed catalytic converter substrates, based on 3D-printed open cell structures. On the analytical side, detailled analysis of the chemical and physical foot-print of the pollutants is a research activity.

New engineered structures achieve higher catalytic performance with lower precious metals. If a microwave absorbing material is introduced in the coating then cold start performance increases dramatically.

Regarding the reduction of greenhouse gases, research and development activities in the field of vehicle powertrains and fuels are ongoing. Increasing the part-load efficiency of internal combustion engines is one main activity as well as battery reliability and safety testing for electric and hybrid-electric vehicles. However, the main impact on greenhouse emissions originates from the used energy carrier for the operation of the vehicles.  An important target is therefore the use of renewable energy for mobility (e.g. stored PV or wind electricity, hydrogen from renewable excess electricity, biogas and synthetic methane) as well as the decarbonisation of fossil natural gas with non-energetic use of the fossil carbon.