Fibers represent a remarkably old and abundant material form. In fact, fibers are important in our individual life, starting from the first day, and, they have profoundly influenced the development of humanity for many thousands of years. Today, the development of fibers with special properties represents a driver of industrial innovation, particularly in high-spec applications. It is our goal to contribute to the research for safer and more sustainable fiber in our living environment.
Advanced fibers wanted
We appreciate the many requests from industry regarding fibers with new properties, particularly in the area of sustainability. The fundamentally driven development of advanced fibers like the continuous fluid-core fiber can find many innovative applications and stimulate the added value chain. The close collaboration with scientific peers in different fields allows us to address complex problems that comprise different aspects of materials, society, environment or medicine . This unique combination can generate significant added value for our research partners and open access to otherwise inaccessible markets [movie: Rheocore Fiber and fiber spinning].
Understanding synthetic fibers inside-out
Due to their importance, we focus mainly on the development of novel synthetic fibers. This focus is economically relevant since two thirds of world-wide produced fibers are synthetic. A synthetic fiber is much more than a simple polymer thread; the performance determining factor of a fiber lies within its molecular structure. Inside there are small crystals, which tie together the polymer molecules; and there are more amorphous regions in a fiber; the interplay between these domains directly determines the fiber flexibility and tensile strength. Along these lines, we analyze and modify the fiber structure on nanometer to micrometer scales using cutting edge analytical tools, and, by controlling the melt-spinning process in new ways. Mastering the interplay of materials science and processing is key.
Interacting with the surface
About bond making and bond breaking
Profound understanding of chemical bond making and bond breaking is required to synthesize new functional molecules. We focus on “green” and economical synthesis routes as well as the understanding of how molecules disintegrate at the end of the material lifetime. The latter aspect includes ageing or physical disintegration by heat or radiation. In this area we make use of highly modern analytics tools including synchrotron radiation at the VUV beamline of the Paul Scherrer Instittute (PSI). Having this know-how at hand, we are able to tailor interesting properties like corrosion resistance, chemical stability, flame retardency or biological functionality.
The possibility to synthesize customized molecules allows us to finally provide industry partners with exclusivities based on strong substance patents for commercial exploitation. This is an invaluable asset that helps carry new substances through legal admission procedures like the REACH registration—thus making them available to a range of application areas.
Together with industry
We have experience running collaborative projects with industry, where we can adopt different models for collaboration, ranging from bilateral to national to international schemes. The typical goal of such collaboration is to generate innovation in the form of intellectual property in the business area of the industry partner, which adds to global competitiveness or allows market expansion. Often industry partners obtain exclusivities for their business area of the project partner. If a development or part of it becomes useful in another field of application, this can synergistically help market introduction, e.g. cost splitting for REACH registration.
Prof. Dr Manfred Heuberger
Head of Advanced Fibers
Phone +41 58 765 78 78
Movie of our lab Advanced Fibers
"Spirituality is a source of inspiration for me in personal and professional life"
Plasma processing presents an environmentally friendly, versatile and cost efficient method to modify materials surfaces. A recent open access publication considers the cost structure and resource efficiency of plasma processes related to industrial applications: Plasma Process Polym. 2022, e2200022; https://doi.org/10.1002/ppap.202200022
- Our laboratory developed a unique technique to melt-spin filaments with a liquid core. At the moment we focus on three potential fields of applications: remote stress and strain sensors, microhydraulic elements within very restricted space, and fragrance-releasing fibers for improved ambience. First industrial upscaling trials are very promising. Recently, our liquid core fiber made it to the front page of the Empa annual report; read more here
- Efficient roll-to-roll production technologies for more climate neutrality
For a climate-neutral economy, every opportunity must be exploited to reduce energy requirements and use resources efficiently. Highly efficient industrial processes are a key element in this. To this end, in the R2R-Net network, 18 European partners from industry and research, including Empa, are further developing reel-to-reel systems and processes that are used in production in a variety of ways. Companies benefit from the expertise, the support during scale-up and ramping up of the production, and the technical exchange. On September 7, 2021, the partners will present current developments, success stories and novel production equipment in a workshop. The network is open to additional partners.
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- A data river runs through it
Data and signals can be transmitted quickly and reliably with glass fibers – as long as the fiber does not break. Strong bending or tensile stress can quickly destroy it. An Empa team has now developed a fiber with a liquid glycerol core that is much more robust and can transmit data just as reliably. And such fibers can even be used to build microhydraulic components and light sensors...more
- In our recent work we have developed formaldehyde free flame retardant treatment of cotton.
The treatment not only survives 50 laundry cycle but also leaves the comfort of the textile unaltered.
The new treatment is versatile, antimicrobial properties in addition to enhanced fire performance could be combined to develop a multi-functional material. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1385894720341462?via%3Dihub