Paper-based printed electronics are new recyclable electronic devices with technical, economic and environmental advantages. Additionally, nanocellulose (NC) based printed electronics, produced mainly from wood pulp, offer better printability and performance than paper. Therefore, the integration of NC-based printed electronics and biosensors is a promising source of innovation in the biomedical industry. The main goal of the project will be the use of NC as substrate for the printed electronics, as lamination film for the encapsulation of the final device and as active component in the formulation of functional inks (conductive, electrochemical, electrolyte and dielectric). 


Empa aims to reduce consumption of materials, energy and hazardous substances compared to alternative products on the market; this at a very early stage on the development of sustainable paper based electronics. The whole life cycle of used materials and products will be considered. Additionally, further sustainable applications for the here developed new materials will be identified and assessed within the project. Out of all these assessment results, general eco-design principles for paper-based electronics applications will be derived.


In this project all 4 groups of TSL are involved in order to make use of the interdisciplinary knowledge and experiences for the eco-design.


This project has received funding from the Horizon 2020 Program for research, technological development and demonstration under Grant Agreement Number 761000.





Stoudmann, N.; Schmutz, M.; Hirsch, C.; Nowack, B.; Som, C. (2020). Human Hazard Potential of Nanocellulose: Quantitative Insights from the Literature. Nanotoxicology 14: 1241–1257. (pdf)

Stoudmann, N.; Nowack, B.; Som, C. (2019) Prospective environmental risk assessment of nanocellulose for Europe. Environ. Sci. Nano 6: 2520-2531. (pdf)



Claudia Som

Roland Hischier