STED properties of Ce3+, Tb3+, and Eu3+ doped inorganic scintillators
Alekhin, M.S., Renger, J., Kasperczyk, M., Douissard, P.-A., Martin, T., Zorenko, Y., Vasil'ev, D.A., Stiefel, M., Novotny, L., Stampanoni, M.
Optics Express, 25(2), 1251-1261. 2017
Scintillator-based X-ray imaging is a powerful technique for noninvasive real-space microscopic structural investigation such as synchrotron-based computed tomography. The resolution of an optical image formed by scintillation emission is fundamentally diffraction limited. To overcome this limit, stimulated scintillation emission depletion (SSED) X-ray imaging, based on stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy, has been recently developed. This technique imposes new requirements on the scintillator material: efficient de-excitation by the STED-laser and negligible STED-laser excited luminescence. In this work, luminescence depletion was measured in several commonly-used Ce3+, Tb3+, and Eu3+ - doped scintillators using various STED lasers. The depletion of Tb3+ and Eu3+ via 4f-4f transitions was more efficient (Ps = 8…19 mW) than Ce3+ depletion via 5d-4f transitions (Ps = 43…45 mW). Main origins of STED-laser excited luminescence were one- and two-photon excitation, and scintillator impurities. LSO:Tb scintillator and a 628 nm cw STED-laser is the most promising combination for SSED satisfying the above-mentioned requirements.