ToF-SIMS Publications


  • A. Mairena, M. Baljozovic, M. Kawecki, K. Grenader, M. Wienke, K. Martin, L. Bernard, N. Avarvari, A. Terfort, K.-H. Ernst and C. Wäckerlin,
    The fate of bromine after temperature-induced dehydrogenation of on-surface synthesized bisheptahelicene
    Chemical Science DOI: 10.1039/c8sc04720k (2019)



  • F. Pagani, E. Stilp, R. Pfenninger, E. Cuervo Reyes, A. Remhof, Z. Balogh-Michels, A. Neels, J. Sastre-Pellicer, M. Stiefel, M. Döbeli, M.D. Rossell, R. Erni, J.L.M. Rupp, C. Battaglia,
    Epitaxial Thin Films as a Model System for Li-Ion Conductivity in Li4Ti5O12,
    ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 44494−44500 (2018)


  • M. Diethelm, Q. Grossman, A. Schiller, E. Knapp, S. Jenatsch, M. Kawecki, F. Nüesch and R. Hany, Optimized electrolyte loading and active film thickness for sandwich polymer light-emitting electrochemical cells, Advanced Optical Materials (in press 2018)

  • L. Bernard, P. Rupper, G. Faccio, D. Hegemann, O. Scholder, M. Heuberger, K. Maniura-Weber, M. Vandenbossche,
    Plasma polymer film designs through the eyes of ToF-SIMS, Biointerphases 13,  03B417 (2018)
  • L. Cockbill, Time-of-flight spectrometry of biointerfaces helps link deposition mechanisms to surface design,
    AIP Scilight 2 April 2018 (Press Release)
  • M. Kawecki, R. Hany, M. Diethelm, S. Jenatsch, Q. Grossmann, L. Bernard, H. J. Hug, Direct measurement of ion redistribution and resulting modification of chemical equilibria in polymer thin film light-emitting electrochemical cells, Applied Materials & Interfaces, DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b14198 (2018)


  • M. Kawecki and L. Bernard, Database of proteinogenic amino acid reference spectra for Bismuth-cluster ToFSIMS - Part 1/2: negative polarity,
    Surface Science Spectra 25, 015001 (2018)

  • M. Kawecki and L. Bernard, Database of proteinogenic amino acid reference spectra for Bismuth-cluster ToFSIMS - Part 2/2: positive polarity,
    Surface Science Spectra 25, 015002 (2018)

  • Tojo Razafiarison, Claude N. Holenstein, Unai Silvan, Milan Jovic, Edward Vertudes, Marko Loparic, Maciej Kawecki, Bernard Laetitia & Jess G. Snedeker,
    Biomaterial surface energy driven ligand assembly strongly regulates stem cell mechanosensitivity and fate on very soft substrates,
    PNAS doi:10.1073/pnas.1704543115 (2018)

  • M. Vandenbossche, G. Gunkel-Grabole, A. Car, L. Bernard, P. Rupper, K. Maniura-Weber, M. Heuberger, G. Faccio, D. Hegemann,
    Near-surface structure of plasma polymer films affects surface behavior in water and its interaction with proteins, Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing 38, 851-870 (2018)
  • D. Hosseini, F. Donat, S. M. Kim, L. Bernard, A. M. Kierzkowska, C. R. Müller,
    Redox-Driven Restructuring of FeMnZr-Oxygen Carriers Enhances the Purity and Yield of H2 in a Chemical Looping Process, ACS Appl. Energy Mater. 1, 1294−1303 (2018)
  • L. Bernard, V. Khikhlovskyi, A. van Breemen, R. Janssen, M. Kemerink, G. Gelinck and N. Pilet,
    Morphological study of organic ferroelectric switches via combined scanning force and scanning transmission X-ray microscopies, Organic Electronics 53, 242-248 (2018)
  • A.J. Martín, S. Mitchell, O. Scholder, R. Verel, R. Hauert, L. Bernard, C. Jensen, M. Schwefer, J. Pérez-Ramírez,Elucidating the Distribution and Speciation of Extraframework Species in BCsX Zeolite Catalysts for Styrene Production, Chem. Phys. Chem. 19, 437-445 (2018)
  • Q. Wu, K. Soppa, N. Scherrer, B. Watts, T. Yokosawa, L. Bernard, T. Araki, M. Döbeli, M. Meyer, E. Spiecker, R.H. Fink,
    Investigation of the foil structure and corrosion mechanisms of modern Zwischgold using advanced analysis techniques, Journal Cultural Heritage 31, 122-132 (2018)
  • M. Vandenbossche, L. Petit, J. Mathon-Lagresle, F. Spano, P. Rupper, L. Bernard, D. Hegemann,
    Formation of lateral chemical gradients in plasma polymer films shielded by an inclined mask,
    Plasma Processes and Polymers  15, e1700185 (2018)
  • C. Andres, A. Cabas-Vidani, A. N. Tiwari, and Y. E. Romanyuk, From sputtered metal precursors towards Cu2Zn(Sn1-x,Gex)Se4 thin film solar cells with shallow back grading, Thin Solid Films 665, 168–172 (2018)
  • C. Andres, T. Schwarz, S.G. Haass, T.P. Weiss, R. Carron, R. Caballero, R. Figi, C. Schreiner, M. Bürki, A.N. Tiwari, Y.E. Romanyuk, Decoupling of optoelectronic properties from morphological changes in sodium treated kesterite thin film solar cells, Solar Energy, (2018)
  • A. Cabas-Vidani, S. G. Haass, C. Andres, R. Caballero, R. Figi, C. Schreiner, J. A. Márquez, C. Hages, T. Unold, D. Bleiner, A. N. Tiwari, Y. E. Romanyuk, High-Efficiency (LixCu1−x)2ZnSn(S,Se)4 Kesterite Solar Cells with Lithium Alloying, Advanced Energy Materials DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201801191 (2018)
  • H.-K. Lo, C. Copéret, CO2 Hydrogenation to Formate with Immobilized Ru-Catalysts Based on Hybrid Organo-Silica Mesostructured Materials, ChemCatChem 10, 1-6 (2018)



  • P. Rupper, M. Vandenbossche, L. Bernard, D. Hegemann, and M. P. Heuberger, Composition and stability of plasma polymer films exhibiting vertical chemical gradients, Langmuir 33, 2340−2352 (2017)
  • M. Vandenbossche, L. Bernard, P. Rupper, K. Maniura-Weber, M. Heuberger, G. Faccio, D. Hegemann,
    Micro-patterned plasma polymer films for bio-sensing
    Materials and Design 114, 123-128 (2017)
  • J. Dorst, M. Amberg, L. Bernard, P. Ruppert, K.D. Weltmann, D. Hegemann, K. Fricke, M. Vandenbossche,
    Stable amino-functionalised vertical chemical gradients in plasma polymer nanofilms
    Langmuir 33, 10736−10744 (2017)
  • C. Passiu, A. Rossi, L. Bernard, D. Paul, J. Hammond, W. E. S. Unger, N. V. Venkataraman, N. D. Spencer, Fabrication and Microscopic and Spectroscopic Characterization of Planar, Bimetallic, and Micro- and Nanopatterned Surfaces, Langmuir 33, 5657–5665 (2017)
  • F. Fu, S. Pisoni, T. Weiss, T. Feurer, A. Wäckerlin, P. Fuchs, S. Nishiwaki, L. Zortea, A. N. Tiwari, S. Buecheler. Compositionally graded absorber for efficient and stable near-infrared-transparent perovskite solar cells, Advanced Science 2017, DOI: advs.201700675
  •  E. Avancini, R. Carron, B. Bissig, P. Reinhard, R. Menozzi, G. Sozzi, S. Di Napoli, T. Feurer, S. Nishiwaki, S. Buecheler, A. N. Tiwari, Impact of compositional grading and overall Cu deficiency on the near-infrared response in Cu(In, Ga)Se2 solar cells, Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. 25, 233–241 (2017) 
  • C. Andres, S. G. Haass, Y. E. Romanyuk, A. N. Tiwari, 9.4% efficient Cu2ZnSnSe4 solar cells from co-sputtered elemental metal precursor and rapid thermal annealing, Thin Solid Films 633, 141-145 (2017)
  • S. Nishiwaki, T. Feurer, B. Bissig, E. Avancini, R. Carron, S. Buecheler, A.N. Tiwari, Precise Se-flux control for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 deposition at low substrate temperature by multi stage co-evaporation, Thin Solid Films 633, 18-22 (2017)
  • A. Vetushka; L. Bernard; O. Guseva; Z. Bastl ; J. Plocek ; I. Tomandl; A. Fejfar; T. Base; P. Schmutz, Adsorption of oriented carborane dipoles on a silver surface, Phys. Status Solidi B 253, 591-600 (2016)
  • S. Kato, S. Kumar Matam, P. Kerger, L. Bernard, C. Battaglia, D. Vogel, M. Rohwerder, A. Züttel, The Origin of the Catalytic Activity of a Metal Hydride in CO2 Reduction, Angewandte Chemie,  128, 6132-6136 (2016)
  • N. Pilet, V. Khikhlovskyi, A. van Breemen, R. Janssen, M. Kemerink, G. Gelinck, P. Warnicke and L. Bernard, Ferroelectricity enhancement of P(VDF/TrFE) by X-ray irradiation, Organic Electronics 37, 257-262 (2016)
  • K. Domanski, J.-P. Correa-Baena, N. Mine, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Abate, M. Saliba, W. Tress, A. Hagfeldt, M. Grätzel, Not All That Glitters is Gold: Metal Migration-Induced Degradation in Perovskite solar cells ACS Nano 10, 6306-6314 (2016)
  • L. Bernard and A. Leemann, Assessing the potential of Tof-SIMS as a complementary approach to investigate cement-based materials – Applications related to alkali-silica reaction, Cem. Concr. Res. 68 (2015) 156-165 
  • A. Leemann, L. Bernard, S. Alahrache, F. Winnefeld, ASR prevention — Effect of aluminum and lithium ions on the reaction products, Cem. Concr. Res.76 (2015) 192-201 
  • K. M. McPeak, C. D. van Engers, S. Bianchi, A. Rossinelli, L. Poulikakos, L. Bernard, S. Herrmann, D.K. Kim, S. Burger, M. Blome, S. V. Jayanti and D. J. Norris, Ultraviolet Plasmonic Chirality from Colloidal Aluminum Nanoparticles Exhibiting Charge-Selective Protein Detection, Advanced Materials, 27, 6244-6250 (2015)
  • P. Reinhard, B. Bissig, F. Pianezzi, E. Avancini, H. Hagendorfer, D. Keller, P. Fuchs, M. Döbeli, C. Vigo, P. Crivelli, S. Nishiwaki, S. Buecheler, A. N. Tiwari, Features of KF and NaF post-deposition treatments of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 absorbers for high efficiency thin film solar cells, Chemistry of Materials 27, 2015, 5755-5764
  • B. Bissig, P. Reinhard, F. Pianezzi, H. Hagendorfer, S. Nishiwaki, S. Buecheler, A.N. Tiwari, Effects of NaF evaporation during low temperature Cu(In,Ga)Se2 growth, Thin Solid Films 582, 56-59 (2015)
  • F. Pianezzi, S. Nishiwaki, L. Kranz, C. M. Sutter-Fella, P. Reinhard, B. Bissig, H.Hagendorfer, S. Buecheler and A. N. Tiwari, Influence of Ni and Cr impurities on the electronic properties of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin film solar cells, Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. 23, 892–900 (2015)
  • A. Leemann, L. Lötscher, L. Bernard, G. Le Saout, B. Lothenbach, R.M. Espinosa-Marzal, Mitigation of ASR by the use of LiNO3 - characterization of the reaction products, Cem. Concr. Res. 59 (2014) 73-86
  • L. Bernard, J. Heier, W. Paul, H.J. Hug, The SFM/ToF-SIMS combination for advanced chemically-resolved analysis at the nanoscale, NIMB 339 (2014) 85–90
  • B. Keller, Investigation of polymer surfaces by time-of-flight secondary mass spectrometry, in L. Sabbatini, ed., Polymer surface characterization, De Gruyter, Berlin (2014) 39 -71
  • L. Kranz, C. Gretener, J. Perrenoud, D. Jaeger, S. S. A. Gerstl, R. Schmitt, S. Buecheler, A. N. Tiwari, Tailoring impurity distribution in polycrystalline CdTe solar cells for enhanced minority carrier lifetime, Advanced Energy Materials 4 (2014) 1301400
  • O. Sterner, M. Giazzon, S. Zürcher, S. Tosatti, M. Liley, N.D. Spencer, Delineating Fibronectin Bioadhesive Micropatterns by Photochemical Immobilization of Polystyrene and Poly(vinylpyrrolidone), Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6 (2014) 18683−18692
  • B. Pidhatika, Y. Chen, G. Coullerez, S. Al-Bataineh, M. Textor, ToF-SIMS analysis of poly(L-lysine)-graft -poly(2-methyl-2-oxazoline) ultrathin adlayers, Anal Bioanal Chem (2014) 406:1509–1517
  • R. Tejero, P. Rossbach, B. Keller, E. Anitua, I. Reviakine, Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry with Principal Component Analysis of Titania−Blood Plasma Interfaces, Langmuir 29 (2013) 902−912
  • A. Chirilă, P. Reinhard, F. Pianezzi, P. Bloesch, A. R. Uhl, C. Fella, L. Kranz, D. Keller, C. Gretener, H. Hagendorfer, D. Jaeger, R. Erni, S. Nishiwaki, S. Buecheler, A. N. Tiwari, Potassium-induced surface modification of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin films for high-efficiency solar cells, Nature Materials 12 (2013) 1107
  • O. Sterner, Â. Serrano, S. Mieszkin, S. Zürcher, S. Tosatti, M.E. Callow, J.A. Callow, N.D. Spencer, Photochemically Prepared, Two-Component Polymer-Concentration Gradients, Langmuir 29 (2013) 13031−13041
  • M. Crobu, A. Rossi, N.D. Spencer, ToF-SIMS of polyphosphate glasses, Surf. Interface Anal. 45 (2013) 579 – 582
  • N.V. Venkataraman, J. Pei, C.V.M. Cremmel, A. Rossi, N.D. Spencer, Template-Stripped, Ultraflat Gold Surfaces with Coplanar, Embedded Titanium Micropatterns, Langmuir 29 (2013) 9935−9943
  • L. Ferrari, L. Bernard, F. Deschner, J. Kaufmann, F. Winnefeld, J. Plank, Characterization of polycarboxylate-ether based superplasticizer on cement clinker surfaces, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 95 (2012) 2189-2195
  • S. Kato, A. Borgschulte, D. Ferri, M. Bielmann, J.C. Crivello, D. Wiedenmann, M. Parlinska-Wojtan, P. Rossbach, Y. Lu, A. Remhof, A. Züttel, CO2 hydrogenation on a metal hydride surface, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14 (2012) 5518-5526
  • J. Thoma, S. Belegrinou, P. Rossbach, Mariusz Grzelakowski, K. Kita-Tokarczyk and W. Meier Membrane protein distribution in composite polymer–lipid thin films, Chem. Commun. 48 (2012) 8811-8813
  • L. Kranz, J. Perrenoud, F. Pianezzi, C. Gretener, P. Rossbach, S. Buecheler, A. N. Tiwari, Effect of sodium on recrystallization and photovoltaic properties of CdTe solar cells, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 105 (2012) 213
  • M. Crobu, A. Rossi, F. Mangolini, N.D. Spencer, Chain-length-identification strategy in zinc polyphosphate glasses by means of XPS and ToF-SIMS, Anal Bioanal Chem 403 (2012) 1415–1432
  • K.E. Mayerhofer, J. Heier, Y. Maniglio, B.A. Keller, Three dimensional analysis of self-structuring organic thin films using time-of-f light secondary ion mass spectrometry, Thin Solid Films 519 (2011) 6183–6189
  • S. Seyrling, A. Chirila, D. Güttler, P. Blösch, F pianezzi, R. Verma, S. Bücheler, S. Nishiwaki, Y.E. Romanyuk, P. Rossbach, A, Tiwari, CuIn1-xGaxSe2 growth process modifications. Influence on microstructure, Na distribution and device properties, Solar Energy Material & Solar Cells 95 (2011) 1477-1481
  • L. Carroll, F. Imbert, H. Sigg, M. Süess, E. Müller, M. Virgilio, G. Pizzi, P. Rossbach, D. Chrastina, G. Isella, Quantum-defined direct gap transitions in tensile strained Ge/SiGe multiple quatum wells, Applied Physics Letters 99 (2011) 031907
  • M.M. Koebel, H. Manz, K.E. Mayerhofer, B. Keller, Service lifelimitationsinvacuumglazing:A transient pressure balance model, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 94 (2010) 1015–1024
  • B. Pidhatika, J. Möller, E.M. Benetti, R. Konradi, E. Rakhmatullina, A. Mühlebach, R. Zimmermann, C. Werner, V. Vogel, M. Textor, The role of the interplay between polymer architecture and bacterial surface properties on the microbial adhesion to polyoxazoline-based ultrathin films, Biomaterials 31 (2010) 9462-9472
  • L. Aschwanden, B. Panella, P. Rossbach, B. Keller, A. Baiker, Magnetically Separable Gold Catalyst for the Aerobic Oxidation of Amines, Chem. Cat. Chem. 1 (2009) 111–115
  • S.A. Al-Bataineh, R. Luginbuehl, M. Textor, M. Yan, Covalent Immobilization of Antibacterial Furanones via Photochemical Activation of Perfluorophenylazide, Langmuir 25 (2009) 7432–7437
  • A. Geiser, B. Fan, H. Benmansour, F. Castro, J. Heier, B. Keller, K.E. Mayerhofer, F. Nuesch, R. Hany, Poly(3 hexylthiophene)/C60 heterojunction solar cells: Implication of morphology on performance and ambipolar charge collection, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 92 (2008) 464–473
  • L. Feller, J.P. Bearinger, L. Wu, J.A. Hubbell, M. Textor, S. Tosatti, Micropatterning of gold substrates based on poly(propylene sulfide-bl-ethylene glycol), (PPS–PEG) background passivation and the molecular-assembly patterning by lift-off (MAPL) technique, Surface Science 602 (2008) 2305–2310
  • C. Tang, L. Feller, P. Rossbach, B. Keller, J. Voeroes, S. Tosatti, M. Textor, Adsorption and electrically stimulated desorption of the triblock copolymer poly(propylene sulfide–bl-ethylene glycol) (PPS–PEG) from indium tin oxide (ITO) surfaces, Surface Science 600 (2006) 1510–1517
  • R. Hauert and B.A. Keller, Chemical Surface Analysis with Nanometer Depth Resolution, Chimia 60 (2006) 800–804